Photo Gallery

 

 
 

Search

 

search advanced

 

Advertising

   
 

Archives

 

فبراير 2014 (1)
اغسطس 2013 (2)
مايو 2012 (1)
يوليو 2011 (1)
يونيو 2011 (4)
مايو 2011 (8)

 
 

New Site

 

الماء القلوي المتأين
2012-05-01 16:40:46
الماء القلوي المتأينليس علاجاً ولا دواء ولكن وسيلة يابانية آمنة ومتطورة وفعالة لمعادلة وإزالة الفضلا
M800 Direct Flow منظومه تحلية امريكية
2010-12-17 16:21:25
USA - M800
101SV-UVمنظومات تحلية امريكية
2010-12-17 15:35:27
101SV-UV USA - RO101SV-UV 5 stage Reverse Osmosis Water Purification System with Ultraviolet Sterilizer Specifications: Membrane: 80 GPD 302 LPD With a transformer, availabl
صور منظومات تحلية تايوانية ممنزلية
2010-12-17 09:47:28

منظومة تحلية منزلية امريكية S800
2010-12-17 08:59:34
Specifications: Production: 50 GPD 189 LPD Water storage tank: 2.2gallons 8.3 liters With a booster pump (optional): -Input in AC 110Volt, 220Volt or 240Volt (5060Hz). Operation

 
 

Vote

 

كيف تشاهد الموقع

جيد
متوسط
ضعيف
 
 

Weather

 


المعلومات غير متوفرة

 
 

stats

 

Today Visits: 311
Visits this week: 3254
Visits this month: 7722
Visits this year: 153542
All visits: 1312410
More visits on: 6387 02.03.2018

 
 

Time Now

 

 
 
 

About Water Softening:  

  articleAbout Water Softening:

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

About Water Softening:

Hard Water contains dissolved minerals in the form of Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg), and Iron (Fe).  Removal of these minerals is accomplished by softening the water through an ion exchange process using a water softener.  As the water flows through the mineral tank of the water softener, the dissolved minerals become attached to the resin, creating soft water.  Over a period of time the resin in the water softener will become exhausted, and the water softener will regenerate using a brine solution produced from the salt in the brine tank.


Advantages to Using a Water Softener:

  • Higher Quality Drinking Water
  • Prevents Hard Water Scale
  • Prevents Staining on Bathroom & Kitchen Fixtures as well as Dishes, Dishwasher, Washing Machine and Clothes
  • Significantly Reduces Soap and Cleaning Product Consumption
  • Provides Excellent Grooming & Cosmetic Benefits
  • Reduces Water Heating Costs
  • Prolongs the Life of Water Heaters, Icemakers, Dishwashers, Coffeemakers and Plumbing Fixtures.

How does a Water Softener work?

A typical water softener has four major items:

  1. Resin Tank
  2. Resin
  3. Automatic Valve or Controller
  4. Brine or Salt Tank

Hard water flows over resin in the resin tank. Resin is in the form of tiny beads that have a special chemical property. At low concentration of sodium in typical hard water, the resin beads adsorb (combine with them) the hardness of water and replace it with an equivalent amount of sodium in water. As hardness is removed the water becomes "soft". The resin has a fixed capacity of the amount of hardness it can remove. Once that happens the resin can no longer remove the water hardness and the resin is called "saturated" or exhausted..

Fortunately, the same resin when exposed to high sodium chloride (common salt) concentration reverses the process and adsorbs the sodium and releases the hardness. This property is utilized in regenerating the exhausted resin. This is done by temporarily stopping the softening process and exposing the resin to high salt solution from the brine tank. The entire process is controlled by the controller valve which works either on time of regeneration (normally set at 2 AM) or by a meter valve inside the controller preset to a calculated amount of water that can be softened before regeneration. After regeneration the controller rinses the resin to remove all salt not adsorbed by the resin. The entire cycle lasts less than 1 hour.

The softening process adds a very small amount of sodium in the water which comes from the exchange process. It is not directly added from the brine tank. For example, water with 10 grain hardness will have a sodium addition of 80 ppm in the water after softening.


AMI Water Softeners Product Specifications

Water Softener Model No. Volume of Media (Cu. Ft.) Flow Rate (GPM)* Backwash Flow (GPM) Fleck Valve Head Resin Tank Size (Dia"xH") Brine Tank Size (Dia"xH") In/Out Connections (In.) pproAx. Ship Weight
5GPM per Sq.Ft. 15 GPM per Sq.Ft.
W-S744SS-*** 0.4 1 4 1.5 5600 07 × 44 18 x 33 3/4 80
W-S844SS-*** 0.5 2 5 2 5600 08 × 44 18 x 33 3/4 85
W-S940SS-*** 0.7 2 6 2 5600 09 × 54 18 x 40 3/4 90
W-S1054SS-*** 1.5 2 7 3 5600 10 × 54 18 x 40 3/4 125
W-S1252SS-*** 2.0 4 12 4 2510 12 × 52 18 x 40 1 165
W-S1354SS-*** 2.5 4 14 5 2510 13 × 54 18 x 40 1 215
W-S1465SS-*** 3.0 5 16 6 2510 14 × 65 24 x 41 1 245
W-S1665SS-*** 4.0 7 21 7 2510 16 × 65 24 x 41 1 285
W-S2162SS-*** 8.0 13 36 12 2850 21 × 62 30 x 48 1.5 515
W-S2472SS-*** 10.0 15 47 15 2850 24 × 72 39 x 48 1.5 735
W-S3072SS-*** 15.0 24 74 25 3150 30 × 72 39 x 48 2 985
W-S3672SS-*** 20.0 35 106 35 3150 36 × 72 39 x 60 2 1385
W-S4272SS-*** 30.0 48 144 48 3900 42 × 72 42 x 60 3 2035
W-S4872SS-*** 40.0 60 188 60 3900 48 × 72 60 x 60 3 2735
*5 gpm per sq.ft. of water softener media is the best design condition for filtration.  For relatively clean water, you may go up to design criteria of 15 gpm per sq. ft.  Backwash flow rate for  water softener is based on 25 psi pressure drop.

 

 

 




Sizing and Selection Information for Water Softener:
Step 1: Calculate Total Hardness as GPG
Usually chemical analyses report calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) in terms of parts per million (ppm) as calcium carbonate (CaCO3). However, in some cases, the analysis is reported in terms of the elements themselves. If this is the case, proceed as follows:

Calcium (as Ca)_________ × 2.50 = _________ppm Ca as CaCO3. (A)

Magnesium (as Mg) _________× 4.10 = _________ppm Mg as CaCO3. (B)
A _________ + B_________ = _____________Total Hardness PPM as CaCO3

Total Hardness PPM as CaCO3 _________ ÷ 17.1 = _________ GPG as CaCO3.


Step 2: Calculate Cubic Feet of Resin Required

_________ Gallons per Day × _________Total Hardness (GPG) = _________ Grains per Day

_________ Grains per Day ÷ 30,000 = _________ Cubic Feet of Resin Required


Select the appropriate softener based on the volume of resin. When between sizes, it is recommended to select the next size up.

Note: Above calculations are based on daily regeneration and maximum resin capacity. Regeneration based on 15 lbs. of salt per cubic foot of resin.

 
 

Related 

 
 
 


اضف تعليق

Name :
Email:
Security Code:
مشاهدة  كود الحماية في الموقع
تحديث الصورة
Type code :

 
 
 
 Stats | Comments | New Site | Contact Us  | العربية | English
get firefoxget flash
 Copyright (©) 2013 www.nooralbayina.com